Metrologia Legal Colombia
From a measuring instrument perspective, legal metrology ensures the implementation of appropriate weighing practices that help maintain instruments and measurement reliability. Legal metrology is the part of metrology (metrology) that refers to activities arising from legal requirements that apply to measurements, units of measurement, measuring instruments and measurement methods carried out by competent bodies. Its beginnings began when the Colombian government concluded a technical cooperation agreement with the Institute of Physical Metrology of the Federal Republic of Germany. It later became CCCM and INM (today). During the presentation on the occasion of the International Metrology Day, the expert explained its impact on judicial and administrative decisions and on the benefits for the Colombian market. In Colombia, legal metrology has developed in the following phases: Legal We recommend that you have a strategic ally to support and support you. Metrology in Colombia began in 1965, the Colombian government concluded a technical cooperation agreement with the Institute of Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB), from which Resolution 3570 of 1966 led to the creation of the Metrology Council (COMET). It is the responsibility of the State to organize a legal metrology infrastructure that will achieve the following objectives: On the commemoration of International Metrology Day, Jairo Enrique Malaver, Deputy Superintendent of Control and Verification of Technical Regulations and Legal Metrology of the Inspectorate of Industry and Commerce, explained the scope of “legal metrology”, in Colombian society. Legal metrology establishes rules for organizations and authorities responsible for regulating and applying metrology in their production or verification processes. The SIC is the national authority for the protection of competition, personal data and legal metrology, protects consumer rights and manages the national industrial property system through the exercise of its administrative and judicial functions. In reality, our decisions are based on measurable facts, so everyone takes measurements and practices them without knowing it or having technical knowledge in metrology to make decisions in our daily lives.
For this reason, the certificate of legal metrology is essential for weighing instruments in grocery stores where it is sold by weight (greengrocers, butchers, fishmongers, etc.) and, in general, in all companies where products are sold by weight (rice, scrap metal, wood, etc.). Measuring instruments whose conformity assessment has been carried out in accordance with the provisions of the applicable metrological regulations may be freely placed on the market and used in Germany. Therefore, measuring instruments subject to metrological control are subject to regular inspection steps, which are applied in accordance with the measuring instrument and in accordance with the provisions of the relevant metrological regulations. The Superintendence of Industry and Commerce (SIC) establishes legal metrology in Colombia and is the competent body to issue and issue metrological regulations for metrological measuring instruments subject to metrological control. In the field of weighing, legal metrology applies when the equipment is approved for commercial transactions, i.e. for the marketing of products by weight. It is an arrangement of institutions that make up the quality infrastructure in Colombia. Drawn from the public and private sectors, they lead activities and policies in the areas of standardization, technical regulations, accreditation, conformity assessment, metrology and surveillance and control. It deals with technical and experimental measurement problems, including: experimental production of units of measurement, preservation and maintenance of standards, and research and development of new measurement techniques.
The Superintendence of Industry and Commerce (SIC) creates the Authorized Body for Metrological Verification – OAVM – CVM, which is formed by the SGS-CLM consortium. Designated for the inspection of commercial scales and distributors throughout the national territory. These measures then led to the creation of the National System of Standardization, Certification and Metrology (SNNCM) with the adoption of Decree 2269 in 1993, which gives an overview of the current National Quality Subsystem (SICAL). These bodies are known as OSMA, i.e. authorized metrological verification bodies. Their purpose is to ensure the fairness and reliability of measurements. It has its origin in the need to ensure fair trade, especially in the field of weights and measures, and aims to protect the consumer and is carried out by the State to ensure that what is indicated by the manufacturer meets the technical and legal requirements regulated in the country. In other words, it is mandatory. Devices that must comply with legal metrology must carry a document or certificate and bear a seal or badge indicating this approval. The concepts of metrological verification, calibration and traceability are very important to understand how confidence in the meter is ensured and thus provide the safety that the consumer needs.
It all started with the foundation of the Centre for Quality Control and Metrology – CCCM. It later became the MNI (today). In the country, metrological controls are carried out by the Inspectorate of Industry and Commerce and the town halls directly or with the assistance of approved verification bodies. Decree of the National Council for Economic and Social Policy (CONPES), which defines the guidelines of the State`s quality policy with three quality pillars: standardization, accreditation and metrology. The second moment of metrology in Colombia was in the 1990s, in connection with economic openness, the beginning of free trade agreements, the adoption of ISO standards and therefore the need to refine the technical criteria for measurement in the country. The Super Stewardship of Industry and Commerce (SIC) is created, which then commissions the Quality Control and Metrology Center (CCCM). Legal metrology is responsible, among other things, for checking the proper functioning of the instruments of the national quality subsystem – SICAL. is a subsystem of the National System for Competitiveness, Science, Technology and Innovation and serves as a technical committee in the areas of quality infrastructure. Each meter has very different units of measurement because they focus on unique metrics.
Legal metrology ensures that each of these different units of measurement is fair and reliable while meeting measurement standards. For more than 60 years, these control and surveillance activities have been a task of the Industrial and Commercial Surveillance Authority (SIC). Currently, the SIC and the town halls carry out these activities directly or with the support of the approved metrological verification bodies (OSMA). This will influence whether we make or make decisions. THE USEFULNESS OF METROLOGY IN OUR DAILY LIVES. The objective of the INM is the national coordination of scientific and industrial metrology and the implementation of activities that enable innovation and support the economic, scientific and technological development of the country through research and the provision of metrological services. The CIS can also rely on approved metrological verification bodies – OAVM SURVEILLANCE OF INDUSTRY AND COMMERCE OF COLOMBIA The objective is to promote the competitiveness of the industry by ensuring measurements against the standards traceable to the International System of Units through the regular calibration of its measuring instruments, accompanied by best practices and measurement procedures based on the quality of goods and services. affect. “For citizens, the concept of legal metrology, its effects and scope go unnoticed; They arise when they analyse in detail the activities they carry out in daily life, as well as the benefits they receive, which translates into the protection of their fundamental rights in terms of health, safety, environment and economic interests,” he explained. Measurements and measuring devices have always been present in product exchange scenarios; The fundamental concern is that the measures and their results are reliable,” he said. Legal metrology is a branch of metrology that refers to the activities that result from it: The objective of legal metrology is essentially to give citizens confidence in the use of tools related to trade, health and the environment.