Permanent Injunction Definition in English
In some jurisdictions, the courts also take into account the good faith of the parties. If it appears that the defendant is acting in good faith by doing everything in his or her power to mitigate the harassment, the court may reflect these efforts in the provisions of its order. On the other hand, if the court finds that the defendant is acting in bad faith, it will show little sympathy and rule in favor of a permanent injunction. See, for example, Penland v. Redwood Sanitary Sewer Serv. Dist., 965 pp.2d 433, 440 (Or. Ct. App.1998); Holubec v. Brandenburger, 58 pp. 3d 201, 213-14 (Tex. App. 2001), revised for other reasons, 111 pp. 3d 32 (Tex.
2003). There is a balancing test that courts generally use to decide whether to issue an injunction. In Weinberger v. Romero-Barcelo established a four-step test that a plaintiff must meet in order to obtain a permanent injunction: (1) the plaintiff suffered irreparable harm; (2) legal remedies, such as financial damages, are not sufficient to compensate for the damage; 3. that equitable relief is justified in view of the difficult balance between the plaintiff and the defendant; and (4) the continuing injunction sought would not be detrimental to the public interest. In eBay, Inc. v. MercExchange, LLC, the Supreme Court further clarified that the decision to grant or deny a permanent injunction is a fair discretionary act of a U.S. District Court that can be reviewed on the means of abuse of authority. To balance the harm to the plaintiff and defendant against the public interest, courts weigh the harm and relative benefits that will accrue to both the plaintiff and the plaintiff if the injunction is granted. In a landmark decision, Boomer v.
Atlantic Cement Co. ruled against a permanent injunction against the cement company in a harassment lawsuit filed by neighborhood homeowners. In making its decision, the court considered the plant`s apparent inability to develop improved mitigation methods and the defendant`s $45 million in capital. Investments in the plant, two factors that would cause significant harm to the defendant as a result of the injunction. See 26 N.Y.2d 219 (2nd Cir., 1970). n. a court order prohibiting a party from taking legal action until legal or other legal proceedings have taken place. An injunction is different from a “preliminary injunction,” which is a short-term interim injunction issued pending a hearing, after which an injunction may be ordered that is in effect until trial. The purpose of an injunction is to maintain the status quo and prevent irreparable harm or change before legal issues are resolved. After the trial, the court may issue a “permanent injunction” (making the injunction a permanent rule) or “dissolve” (quash) the injunction. A permanent injunction is a court order requiring a person to do or cease a particular act that is rendered as the final judgment in a case.
A court will only issue a permanent injunction if monetary damages are not sufficient. Failure to comply with an injunction may result in contempt of the court, which may result in criminal or civil liability. Increase your test score with programs developed by Vocabulary.com experts.